Mart Stam, 1899 born in Purmerend in the Netherlands was one of the most important architects of modernism and a pioneer of modern furniture design. In 1927, he made a startling contribution to architectural Weissenhof estate in Stuttgart - as an architect and designer experimenting with tubular steel. In 1928 and 1929 he worked as an architect in Frankfurt and as a guest lecturer at the Bauhaus in Dessau, where he gave lectures on elementary architecture and urbanism. From 1930 to 1934 Mart Stam worked in Russia and other countries, until 1948 he worked as an architect in Amsterdam. In 1939 he became head of the School of Applied Arts in Amsterdam. In 1950 he became director of the Academy of Applied Arts in Berlin-Weissensee. In 1953 he returned to Amsterdam. 1977 he moved to Switzerland, where he died on 23 February 1986 in Goldach.